The image above represents permeation.

To compute for permeation, six essential parameters are needed and these parameters are **Length of Vessel (L), Diameter (D), Initial Concentration (c _{1}), Final Concentration (c_{2}), Inlet Radius of Pipe (r_{1}) **and

**Exit Radius of Pipe (r**

_{2}).The formula for calculating permeation:

j = -2πLD (^{c1 – c2} / _{In(r1/r2)})

Where:

j = Permeation

L = Length of Vessel

D = Diameter

c_{1} = Initial Concentration

c_{2} = Final Concentration

r_{1} = Inlet Radius of Pipe

r_{2} = Exit Radius of Pipe

Let’s solve an example;

Find the permeation when the length of vessel is 8, the diameter is 2, the initial concentration is 4, the final concentration is 9, the inlet radius of pipe is 13 and the exit radius of pipe is 11.

This implies that;

L = Length of Vessel = 8

D = Diameter = 2

c_{1} = Initial Concentration = 4

c_{2} = Final Concentration = 9

r_{1} = Inlet Radius of Pipe = 13

r_{2} = Exit Radius of Pipe = 11

j = -2πLD (^{c1 – c2} / _{In(r1/r2)})

j = -2π(8)(2) (^{4 – 9}/_{In(13/11)})

j = (-100.53) (^{-5}/_{In(1.18)})

j = (-100.53) (^{-5}/_{0.167})

j = (-100.53) (-29.93)

j = 3008.9

Therefore, the **permeation **is **3008.9 m².**

Nickzom Calculator – **The Calculator Encyclopedia** is capable of calculating the permeation.

To get the answer and workings of the permeation using the **Nickzom Calculator – The Calculator Encyclopedia. **First, you need to obtain the app.

You can get this app via any of these means:

**Web** – https://www.nickzom.org/calculator-plus

To get access to the **professional **version via web, you need to **register** and **subscribe **for** NGN 2,000 **per** annum** to have utter access to all functionalities.

You can also try the **demo **version via https://www.nickzom.org/calculator

**Android (Paid)** – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.nickzom.nickzomcalculator

**Android (Free)** – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.nickzom.nickzomcalculator

**Apple (Paid)** – https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/nickzom-calculator/id1331162702?mt=8

Once, you have obtained the calculator encyclopedia app, proceed to the **Calculator Map, **then click on **Materials and Metallurgical **under **Engineering****.**

Now, Click on **Mass Transport **under **Materials and Metallurgical**

Now, Click on **Permeation **under **Mass Transport**

The screenshot below displays the page or activity to enter your values, to get the answer for the permeation according to the respective parameter which is the **Length of Vessel (L), Diameter (D), Initial Concentration (c _{1}), Final Concentration (c_{2}), Inlet Radius of Pipe (r_{1}) **and

**Exit Radius of Pipe (r**

_{2}).Now, enter the values appropriately and accordingly for the parameters as required by the **Length of Vessel (L)** is **8**,** Diameter (D)** is **2**,** Initial Concentration (c _{1})** is

**4**,

**Final Concentration (c**is

_{2})**9**,

**Inlet Radius of Pipe (r**is

_{1})**13**and

**Exit Radius of Pipe (r**is

_{2})**11**.

Finally, Click on Calculate

As you can see from the screenshot above, **Nickzom Calculator**– The Calculator Encyclopedia solves for the permeation and presents the formula, workings and steps too.