How to Calculate and Solve for Maximum Velocity to avoid Overturning of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the maximum velocity to avoid overturning of a vehicle moving along a level circular path.

To compute for the maximum velocity, four essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Acceleration due to Gravity (g), Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h), Radius of Circular Path (r) and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a).

The formula for calculating the maximum velocity:

vmax = √(gra / h)

Where:
vmax = Maximum Velocity to avoid Overturning of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path
g = Acceleration due to Gravity
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level
r = Radius of Circular Path
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel

Let’s solve an example;
Find the maximum velocity when the Acceleration due to Gravity (g) is 10.2, Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h) is 14, Radius of Circular Path (r) is 22 and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a) is 32.

This implies that;
g = Acceleration due to Gravity = 10.2
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level = 14
r = Radius of Circular Path = 22
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel = 32

vmax = √(gra / h)
vmax = √((10.2)(22)(32)/14)
vmax = √((7180.79)/14)
vmax = √(512.91)
vmax = 22.647

Therefore, the maximum velocity to avoid Overturning of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path is 22.647 m/s.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Maximum Velocity to avoid Overturning of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Reaction at the Inner Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image represents reaction at the inner wheel of a vehicle moving along a level circular path.

To compute for the reaction, six essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Mass of the Vechicle (m), Acceleration due to Gravity (g), Velocity of the Vehicle (v), Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h), Radius of Circular Path (r) and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a).

The formula for calculating the reaction at the inner wheel of a vehicle moving along a level circular path:

RA = mg / 2[1 – v²h / gra]

Where:
RA = Reaction at the Inner Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path
m = Mass of the Vechicle
g = Acceleration due to Gravity
v = Velocity of the Vehicle
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level
r = Radius of Circular Path
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel

Let’s solve an example;
Find the reaction when Mass of the Vechicle (m) is 13, Acceleration due to Gravity (g) is 9.8, Velocity of the Vehicle (v) is 11, Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h) is 5, Radius of Circular Path (r) is 7 and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a) is 3.

This implies that;
m = Mass of the Vechicle = 13
g = Acceleration due to Gravity = 9.8
v = Velocity of the Vehicle = 11
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level = 5
r = Radius of Circular Path = 7
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel = 3

RA = mg / 2[1 – v²h / gra]
RA = 13(9.8) / 2[1 – (11)²(5) / (9.8)(7)(3)]
RA = 127.4 / 2[1 – (121)(5) / 205.8]
RA = 63.7[1 – 605 / 205.8]
RA = 63.7[1 – 2.939]
RA = 63.7[-1.939]
RA = -123.56

Therefore, the reaction at the inner wheel of a vehicle moving along a level of circular path is -123.56 N.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Reaction at the Inner Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Reaction at the Outer Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | Nickzom Calculator

The image represents reaction at the outer wheel of a vehicle moving along a level circular path.

To compute for the reaction, six essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Mass of the Vechicle (m), Acceleration due to Gravity (g), Velocity of the Vehicle (v), Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h), Radius of Circular Path (r) and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a).

The formula for calculating the reaction at the outer wheel of a vehicle moving along a level circular path:

RB = mg / 2[1 + v²h/gra]

Where;
RB = Reaction at the Outer Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path
m = Mass of the Vechicle
g = Acceleration due to Gravity
v = Velocity of the Vehicle
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level
r = Radius of Circular Path
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel

Let’s solve an example;
Find the reaction when Mass of the Vechicle (m) is 12, Acceleration due to Gravity (g) is 9.8, Velocity of the Vehicle (v) is 28, Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level (h) is 16, Radius of Circular Path (r) is 8 and Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel (a) is 4.

This implies that;
m = Mass of the Vechicle = 12
g = Acceleration due to Gravity = 9.8
v = Velocity of the Vehicle = 28
h = Height of Centre of Gravity of the Vehicle from Ground Level = 16
r = Radius of Circular Path = 8
a = Half of the Distance between the Centre Lines of the Wheel = 4

RB = mg / 2[1 + v²h/gra]
RB = 12 x 9.8 / 2[1 + 28² x 16/9.8 x 8 x 4]
RB = 117.60 / 2[1 + 784 x 16/313.6]
RB = 58.80[1 + 40]
RB = 58.80[41]
RB = 58.80[41]
RB = 2410.8

Therefore, the reaction of the outer wheel of a vehicle moving along a level circular path is 2410.8 N.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Reaction at the Outer Wheel of a Vehicle moving along a Level Circular Path | Nickzom Calculator

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Angular Velocity, Radius and Centrifugal Force of a Body | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the centrifugal force.

To compute for the centrifugal force, three essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Mass of the body (m), Angular Velocity of the body (w) and Radius (r).

The formula for calculating the centrifugal force:

F = mω²r

Where:
F = Centrifugal Force
m = mass of the body
ω = angular velocity
r = radius

Let’s solve an example;
Find the centrifugal force with mass of the body as 12, angular velocity as 32 and a radius of 8.

This implies that;
m = mass of the body = 12
ω = angular velocity = 32
r = radius = 8

F = mω²r
F = 12 x 32² x 8
F = 12 x 1024 x 8
F = 98304

Therefore, the centrifugal force is 98304 N.

Calculating the Mass of the body (m) when the Centrifugal Force, Angular Velocity and Radius is Given.

m = F / w2r

Where;
m = mass of the body
F = Centrifugal Force
ω = angular velocity
r = radius

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass of a body when centrifugal force is 140 with an angular velocity of 24 and a radius of 10.

This implies that;
F = Centrifugal Force = 140
ω = angular velocity = 24
r = radius = 10

m = F / w2r
m = 140 / 24210
m = 140 / 576 x 10
m = 140 / 5760
m = 0.024

Therefore, the mass of the body is 0.024 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Angular Velocity, Radius and Centrifugal Force of a Body | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Height and Potential Energy | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents potential energy.

To compute for the potential energy, three essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m), height (h) and acceleration due to gravity (g).

The formula for calculating the potential energy:

P.E = mgh

Where;
P.E. = Potential Energy
m = Mass
g = acceleration due to gravity
h = Height

Let’s solve an example;
Find the potential energy when the mass is 12 with a height of 24 and acceleration due to gravity of 9.8.

This implies that;
m = Mass = 12
g = acceleration due to gravity = 9.8
h = Height = 24

P.E = mgh
P.E = 12 x 9.8 x 24
P.E = 2822.4

Therefore, the potential energy is 2822.4 Joules (J).

Calculating the Mass when Potential Energy, Height and Acceleration due to Gravity is Given.

m = P.E / gh

Where;
m = Mass
P.E. = Potential Energy
g = acceleration due to gravity
h = Height

Let’s solve an example;
Find the Mass when potential energy is 450 with a height of 30 and acceleration due to gravity of 10.

This implies that;
P.E. = Potential Energy = 450
g = acceleration due to gravity = 10
h = Height = 30

m = P.E / gh
m = 450 / 10 x 30
m = 450 / 300
m = 1.5

Therefore, the mass is 1.5.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Height and Potential Energy | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Velocity and Kinetic Energy | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents kinetic energy.

To compute for the kinetic energy, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and velocity (v).

The formula for calculating the kinetic energy:

K.E. = 0.5mv²

Where;
K.E. = Kinetic Energy
m = Mass
v = Velocity

Let’s solve an example;
Find the kinetic energy when the mass is 6 and the velocity is 18.

This implies that;
m = Mass = 6
v = Velocity = 18

K.E. = 0.5mv²
K.E. = 0.5[6 x 18²]
K.E. = 0.5[6 x 324]
K.E. = 0.5[1944]
K.E. = 972

Therefore, the kinetic energy is 972 Joules (J).

Calculating the Mass when Kinetic Energy and Velocity is Given.

m = K.E / 0.5v2

Where;
m = Mass
K.E. = Kinetic Energy
v = Velocity

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass when the kinetic energy is 320 and a velocity of 20.

This implies that;
K.E. = Kinetic Energy = 320
v = Velocity = 20

m = K.E / 0.5v2
m = 320 / 0.5 x 202
m = 320 / 0.5 x 40
m = 320 / 20
m = 16

Therefore, the mass is 16 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Velocity and Kinetic Energy | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Linear Momentum | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents a linear momentum.

To compute for the linear momentum, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and velocity (v).

The formula for calculating linear momentum:

p = mv

Where;
p = Momentum
m = Mass
v = Velocity

Let’s solve an example;
Find the linear momentum of a mass of 44 and a velocity of 38.

This implies that;
m = Mass = 44
v = Velocity = 38

p = mv
p = 44 x 38
p = 1672

Therefore, the linear momentum is 1672 Kgm/s.

Calculating the Mass when Linear Momentum and Velocity is Given.

m = p / v

Where;
m = Mass
p = Momentum
v = Velocity

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass with a linear momentum of 320 and a velocity of 80.

This implies that;
p = Momentum = 320
v = Velocity = 80

m = p / v
m = 320 / 80
m = 4

Therefore, the mass is 4 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Linear Momentum | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Quantity of Charge, Electrochemical Equivalence of a Substance and Mass of an Element in Electrolysis | Nickzom Calculator

The image above represents the mass of an element.

To compute for the mass of an element, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance (Z) and quantity of charge (Q).

The formula for calculating mass of an element:

M = ZQ

Where;
M = Mass of the element
Z = Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance
Q = Quantity of Charge

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass of an element when the Quantity of charge is 28 and Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance is 32.

This implies that;
Z = Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance = 32
Q = Quantity of Charge = 28

M = ZQ
M = 32 x 28
M = 896

Therefore, the mass of an element is 896 kg.

Calculating the Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance when the Mass of an Element and Quantity of Charge is Given.

Z = M / Q

Where;
Z = Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance
M = Mass of the element
Q = Quantity of Charge

Let’s solve an example;
Find the Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance when the Quantity of charge is 12 and  mass of an element  is 120.

This implies that;
M = Mass of the element = 120
Q = Quantity of Charge = 12

Z = M / Q
Z = 120 / 12
Z = 10

Therefore, the Electrochemical Equivalence of the Substance is 10.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Quantity of Charge, Electrochemical Equivalence of a Substance and Mass of an Element in Electrolysis | Nickzom Calculator

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Density | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents density.

To compute for the density, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and volume (v).

The formula for calculating density:

Density = mass / volume

Let’s solve an example;
Given that the volume is 20 m³ with a mass of 240 kg. Find the density?

This implies that;
Volume = 20
Mass = 240

Density = mass / volume
Density = 240 / 20
Density = 12

Therefore, the density is 12 Kg/m³.

Calculating the Mass when the Density and Volume is Given.

Mass = Volume x Density

Let’s solve an example;
With a density of 90 kg/m³ and a volume of 15 m³, Find the mass?

This implies that;
Density = 90
Volume = 15

Mass = Volume x Density
Mass = 15 x 90
Mass = 1350

Therefore, the mass is 1350 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Density | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Molar Concentration, Molar Mass and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the mass concentration.

To compute for mass concentration, two essential parameters are needed and these are molar concentration (c) and molar mass (M).

ρ = c x M

Where;
ρ = mass concentration
c = molar concentration
M = molar mass

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass concentration when the molar concentration is 24 and molar mass is 15.

This implies that;
c = molar concentration = 24
M = molar mass = 15

ρ = c x M
ρ = 24 x 15
ρ = 360

Therefore, the mass concentration is 360 Kg/dm³.

Calculating the Molar Concentration when the Mass concentration and Molar Mass.

c = ρ / M

Where;
c = molar concentration
ρ = mass concentration
M = molar mass

Let’s solve an example;
Find the molar concentration when the mass concentration is 120 with a molar mass of 40.

This implies that;
ρ = mass concentration = 120
M = molar mass = 40

c = ρ / M
c = 120 / 40
c = 3

Therefore, the molar concentration is 3 mol/L.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Molar Concentration, Molar Mass and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia