## The Calculator Encyclopedia Solves For Input and Output Reflection Coefficients, Power Gains and Mismatch Factors of S Parameters in Microwave Analysis

The knowledge of microwave analysis is a very added advantage for any Electronic Engineer out there. It makes one better understand the networking system of a two port in relation to S parameter.

According to Wikipedia, the S Parameters describe the electrical behavior of linear electrical networks when undergoing various steady state stimuli by electrical signals.

Luckily, Nickzom Calculator, the calculator encyclopedia is happy to take care of all calculations dealing with S Parameter (Two Port Network) for you and also show you a step by step guide (workings) on how to solve this problem.

For the purpose of this post, I would show you how Nickzom Calculator solves for the following:

• Input and Output Reflection Coefficients
• Various Power Gains
• Mismatch Factors

First of all, you have to have access to this awesome software package.

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

Once you have got access to the software package, please proceed to the Calculator Map then scroll to Engineering

## Nickzom Calculator Solves Formation Factor of Well Logging in Petroleum Engineering

According to Schlumberger OilField Glossary,

The ratio of the resistivity of a rock filled with water (Ro) to the resistivity of that water (Rw).

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

On selecting Petroleum, a bunch of links to major topics in Petroleum Engineering is displayed. Scroll down to Well Logging and click on it.

According to Wikipedia,

Well logging, also known as borehole logging is the practice of making a detailed record (a well log) of the geologic formations penetrated by a borehole. The log may be based either on visual inspection of samples brought to the surface (geological logs) or on physical measurements made by instruments lowered into the hole(geophysical logs).

## The Calculator Encyclopedia Converts Units of Sound

According to Wikipedia,

The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale. It can be used to express a change in value (e.g., +1 dB or −1 dB) or an absolute value. In the latter case, it expresses the ratio of a value to a reference value; when used in this way, the decibel symbol should be appended with a suffix that indicates the reference value, or some other property. For example, if the reference value is 1 volt, then the suffix is “V” (e.g., “20 dBV”), and if the reference value is one milliwatt, then the suffix is “m” (e.g., “20 dBm”).

Also, according to Wikipedia,

The neper (symbol: Np) is a logarithmic unit for ratios of measurements of physical field and power quantities, such as gain and loss of electronic signals. The unit’s name is derived from the name of John Napier, the inventor of logarithms. As is the case for the decibel and bel, the neper is a unit defined in the international standard ISO 80000. It is not part of the International System of Units (SI), but is accepted for use alongside the SI.

Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia converts the units of sounds and at the moment, it converts three of them which are:

• Bels
• Decibels
• Neper

Click on Sound Switches

For the purpose of this post, we are to convert 45 Decibels to Neper

## The Calculator Encyclopedia Converts Magnetic Flux Density Units on Magnetism Unit Conversions

According to Mini Physics,

Magnetic flux density (B) is defined as the force acting per unit current per unit length on a wire placed at right angles to the magnetic field.

Nickzom Calculator converts 11 units of magnetic flux density such as:

• Tesla
• Weber/sq. meter
• Weber/sq. centimeter
• Weber/sq. inch
• Maxwell/sq. meter
• Maxwell/sq. centimeter
• Maxwell/sq. inch
• Gauss
• Lines/sq. centimeter
• Lines/sq. inch
• Gamma

On Clicking on Magnetism Switches, there are 4 major magnetism unit conversion sections such as:

• Magnetomotive Force Switches
• Magnetic Field Strength Switches
• Magnetic Flux Switches
• Magnetic Flux Density Switches

## The Calculator Encyclopedia Converts Radiation- Exposure Units in Radiology Unit Conversion

According to Wikipedia,

Radiation exposure is a measure of the ionization of air due to ionizing radiation from photons; that is, gamma rays and X-rays. It is defined as the electric charge freed by such radiation in a specified volume of air divided by the mass of that air.

Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia converts 7 units of Radiation Exposure which are:

• Coulombs/kilogram
• Millicoulombs/kilogram
• Microcoulombs/kilogram
• Roentgen
• Tissue Roentgen
• Parker
• Rep

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

For the purpose of this post, I will display two different radiation – exposure unit conversions which are:

• Coulombs/kilogram to Tissue Roentgen
• Roentgen to Parker

Let’s begin with Coulombs/kilogram to Tissue Roentgen

Access the Calculator Map, scroll to Switches Section

Now, click on Radiology Switches, this would display four unit conversions under Radiology which are:

• Radiation – Absorbed Dose Switches

## Nickzom Calculator Solves Molar Concentration in Chemistry

According to Wikipedia,

Molar concentration (also called molarityamount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution. In chemistry, the most commonly used unit for molarity is the number of moles per litre, having the unit symbol mol/L. A solution with a concentration of 1 mol/L is said to be 1 molar, commonly designated as 1 M.

Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia requires two parameters to get the answer for a molar concentration in Chemistry such as:

• Number of Moles
• Volume

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

First, go to the calculator map, scroll down to the Chemistry section and click on Basic Chemistry.

Now, click on Molar Concentration in Chemistry

## The Calculator Encyclopedia Calculates the Overall Mass Transfer Co-efficient in Crystallization for Chemical Engineering

Nickzom Calculator+ calculates virtually all the mathematical problems faced by an undergraduate of chemical engineering.

Today, we would be handling the obtaining of answers on overall mass transfer co-efficient which is under crystallization in Chemical engineering by Nickzom Calculator+.

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

First and foremost, if I want to get answers to my crystallization problem on Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient, I will proceed to my calculator map and click on Chemical (under Engineering Section).

## The Calculator Encyclopedia Converts Units of Universal Fuel Economy

Nickzom Calculator converts 4 units in fuel economy such as:

• US Miles per gallon
• UK Miles per gallon
• Kilometers per liter
• Liters per 100 Kilometers

According to Wikipedia – Fuel Economy in Automobiles,

The fuel economy of an automobile relates distance traveled by a vehicle and the amount of fuel consumed. Consumption can be expressed in terms of volume of fuel to travel a distance, or the distance travelled per unit volume of fuel consumed. Since fuel consumption of vehicles is a significant factor in air pollution, and since importation of motor fuel can be a large part of a nation’s foreign trade, many countries impose requirements for fuel economy.

For the purpose of this post, let’s convert US Miles per gallon to Kilometers per liter.

## Nickzom Calculator Solves Drag Force in Particle Size Analysis for Soil Mechanics

In civil engineering, there are situations where matters of the soil is of utmost importance. Nickzom Calculator solves calculation problems in soil mechanics.

Under Soil Mechanics, there is Soil Test and Particle Size Analysis section.

Today, I would love to introduce you all to Drag Force under Particle Size Analysis.

One can access Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia via any of these channels:

Parameters to get solution for Drag Force in Particle Size Analysis

• Viscosity
• Velocity

Nickzom Calculator+ (Professional Version) – The Calculator Encyclopedia solves this problems and shows the steps.

Now, click on Soil Mechanics

Then, click on Particle Size Analysis

Now Click on Drag Force

Enter the values of the parameters

Lastly, Click on Calculate

Immediately, the answer, formula and workings is displayed for your very own understanding.

## Mathematical Surd Operations can be Solved by Nickzom Calculator – The Calculator Encyclopedia

According to Laerd Mathematics,

Surds are numbers left in root form (√) to express its exact value. It has an infinite number of non-recurring decimals. Therefore, surds are irrational numbers.

According to Math is Fun,

• When it is a root and irrational, it is a surd
• Not all roots are surds

Nickzom Calculator solves calculations on surd and these calculations are categorized into:

• Surd Simplification A
• Surd Simplification B
• ‘Binary’ Surd Addition and Subtraction
• ‘Tenary’ Surd Addition and Subtraction
• Surd Multiplication
• Surd Division
• Surd Expansion
• Surd Rationalization

Nickzom makes use of a certain procedure to help the user easily input the surd values which is clearly represented in the image below

For the purpose of this post, we would be handling a step by step guide on how to solve surd rationalization using Nickzom Calculator.

One can access Nickzom Calculator via any of these channels:

Now, click on Surd Rationalization, then enter the values appropriately using the user manual format.

Now, click on calculate to display the result.

I have seen that this steps and procedures might me cumbersome and a bit confusing for a reader or user. Therefore, an update would be coming soon with a new format of solving surd operations that can be easily understood and analysed. For now, with a bit of effort it could be understood or interpreted too.

Watch Out for the Update, Guys!