How to Calculate and Solve for Discharge | Chezy’s Equation | Water Budget

The image above represents discharge | Chezy’s Equation.

To compute for discharge, four essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Area (A), Chezy’s Constant (C), Hydraulic Radius (R) and Slope (S).

The formula for calculating discharge:

Q = AC√(RS)

Where;

Q = Discharge
A = Area
C = Chezy’s Constant
R = Hydraulic Radius
S = Slope

Let’s solve an example;
Find the discharge when the area is 25, the chezy’s constant is 16, the hydraulic radius is 9 and the slope is 21.

This implies that;

A = Area = 25
C = Chezy’s Constant = 16
R = Hydraulic Radius = 9
S = Slope = 21

Q = AC√(RS)
Q = (25)(16)√((9)(21))
Q = (25)(16)√(189)
Q = (25)(16)(13.74)
Q = 5499.09

Therefore, the discharge according to Chezy’s equation is 5499.09.

Calculating the Area when the Discharge, the Chezy’s Constant, the Hydraulic Radius and the Slope is Given.

A = Q / C √RS

Where;

A = Area
Q = Discharge
C = Chezy’s Constant
R = Hydraulic Radius
S = Slope

Let’s solve an example;
Find the area when the discharge is 40, the chezy’s constant is 10, the hydraulic radius is 5 and the slope is 9.

This implies that;

Q = Discharge = 40
C = Chezy’s Constant = 10
R = Hydraulic Radius = 5
S = Slope = 9

A = Q / C √RS
A = 40 / 10 √(5)(9)
A = 40 / 10 √45
A = 40 / 10 (6.708)
A = 40 / 67.08
A = 0.596

Therefore, the area is 0.596.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Discharge | Chezy’s Equation | Water Budget

How to Calculate and Solve for Discharge | Slope Area Method | Water Budget

The image above represents discharge | slope area method.

To compute for discharge | slope area method, four essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Manning’s Co-efficient (N), Area (A), Hydraulic Radius (R) and Slope (S).

The formula for calculating discharge | slope area method:

Q = (A / N) R2/3 S1/2

Where;

Q = Discharge
N = Manning’s Co-efficient
A = Area
R = Hydraulic Radius
S = Slope

Let’s solve an example;
Find the discharge when the manning’s co-efficient is 4, the area is 30, the hydraulic radius is 15 and the slope is 22.

This implies that;

N = Manning’s Co-efficient = 4
A = Area = 30
R = Hydraulic Radius = 15
S = Slope = 22

Q = (A / N) R2/3 S1/2
Q = (30 / 4) (15)2/3 (22)1/2
Q = (7.5) (6.08) (4.69)
Q = 213.96

Therefore, the discharge is 213.96.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Discharge | Slope Area Method | Water Budget

The Calculator Encyclopedia Calculates the Hydraulic Mean Depth or Hydraulic Radius of Flow in Open Channels | Fluid Mechanics

Hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius can be defined as the cross-sectional area of flow divided by wetted perimeter.

Wetted perimeter is the perimeter of the cross sectional area that is “wet”.
Hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius is a very important parameter in flow in open channels and fluid mechanics calculations.

The formula for computing hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius is:

R = A / P

Where:
R = Hydraulic Depth
A = Cross-sectional Area of Flow
P =  Wetted Perimeter

For Example:

Find the hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius of flow in an open channel where the cross-sectional area is 150 m2 and the wetted perimeter is 100 m.

From the example we can see that the cross-sectional area is 150 m2 and the wetted perimeter is 100 m.

R = 150 / 100
R = 1.5

Therefore, the hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius is 1.5 m.

Now, I would love to show you how to use Nickzom Calculator The Calculator Encyclopedia to get answers for your questions on hydraulic mean depth or hydraulic radius.

Continue reading The Calculator Encyclopedia Calculates the Hydraulic Mean Depth or Hydraulic Radius of Flow in Open Channels | Fluid Mechanics