How to Calculate and Solve for Effective Heat of Fusion | Solidification of Metals

The image above represents effective heat of fusion.

To compute for effective heat of fusion, three essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Latent Heat of Fusion (Hf), Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure (cp) and Change in Temperature (ΔT).

The formula for calculating effective heat of fusion:

H = Hf + cpΔT

Where:

H = Effective Heat of Fusion
Hf = Latent Heat of Fusion
cp = Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure
ΔT = Change in Temperature

Let’s solve an example;
Find the effective heat of fusion when the latent heat of fusion is 12, the heat capacity at constant pressure is 14 and the change in temperature is 10.

This implies that;

Hf = Latent Heat of Fusion = 12
cp = Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure = 14
ΔT = Change in Temperature = 10

H = Hf + cpΔT
H = 12 + 14(10)
H = 12 + 140
H = 152

Therefore, the effective heat of fusion is 152 J/Kg.

Calculating the Latent Heat of Fusion when the Effective Heat of Fusion, the Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure and the Change in Temperature is Given.

Hf = H – cpΔT

Where:

Hf = Latent Heat of Fusion
H = Effective Heat of Fusion
cp = Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure
ΔT = Change in Temperature

Let’s solve an example;
Find the latent heat of fusion when the effective heat of fusion is 42, the heat capacity at constant pressure is 10 and the change in temperature is 2.

This implies that;

H = Effective Heat of Fusion = 42
cp = Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure = 10
ΔT = Change in Temperature = 2

Hf = H – cpΔT
Hf = 42 – (10)(2)
Hf = 42 – 20
Hf = 22

Therefore, the latent heat of fusion is 22.

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