## How to Calculate and Solve for Depth of Available Water | Irrigation Water Requirement

The image above represents depth of available water.

To compute for depth of available water, three essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Apparent Specific Gravity of the Soil (s), Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant (d) and Water Content (m).

The formula for calculating depth of available water:

dw = s . d . m

Where:

dw = Depth of Available Water
s = Apparent Specific Gravity of the Soil
d = Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant
m = Water Content

Let’s solve an example;
Find the depth of available water when the apparent sepcific gravity of the soil is 10, the depth of the root zone of the plant is 8 and the water content is 4.

This implies that;

s = Apparent Specific Gravity of the Soil = 10
d = Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant = 8
m = Water Content = 4

dw = s . d . m
dw = (10) . (8) . (4)
dw = 320

Therefore, the depth of available water is 320.

Calculating for the Apparent Specific Gravity of the Soil when the Depth of Available Water, the Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant and the Water content is Given.

s =dw / d . m

Where;

s = Apparent Specific Gravity of the Soil
dw = Depth of Available water
d = Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant
m = Water Content

Let’s Solve an example;
Find the apparent specific gravity of the soil when the depth of available water is 60, the depth of the root zone of the plant is 10 and the water content is 3.

This implies that;

dw = Depth of Available water = 60
d = Depth of the Root Zone of the Plant = 10
m = Water Content = 3

s =dw / d . m
s =60 / 10 . 3
s =60 / 30
s = 2

Therefore, the apparent specific gravity of the soil is 2.

## How to Calculate and Solve for Water Content | Soil Mechanics and Foundation

The image above represents water content.

To compute for water content, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Mass of the water (Mwand Mass of the solid (Ms).

The formula for calculating water content:

w = Mw / Ms

Where:

w = Water Content
Mw = Mass of the Water
Ms = Mass of the Solid

Let’s solve an example;
Find the water content when the mass of the water is 28 and the mass of the solid is 7.

This implies that;

Mw = Mass of the Water = 28
Ms = Mass of the Solid = 7

w = Mw / Ms
w = 28 / 7
w = 4

Therefore, the water content is 4.

Calculating the Mass of the Water when the Water Content and the Mass of the Solid is Given.

Mw  = w x Ms

Where;

Mw = Mass of the Water
w = Water Content
Ms = Mass of the Solid

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass of the water when the water content is 15 and mass of the solid is 4.

This implies that;

w = Water Content = 15
Ms = Mass of the Solid = 4

Mw  = w x Ms
Mw  = 15 x 4
Mw  = 60

Therefore, the mass of the water is 60.