## How to Calculate and Solve for the Area, Length and Height of a Trapezium | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above is a Trapezium

To compute the area of a trapezium, three essential parameter is needed and they are the length of the top side (a), length of the bottom side (b) and the height of the trapezium (h).

The formula for calculating the area of a trapezium is;

A = 0.5[a + b]h

Where;
A = Area of a trapezium
a = length of the top side of the trapezium
b = length of the bottom side of the trapezium
h = height of the trapezium

Let’s solve an example;
Find the area of a trapezium where length of top side (a) is 7 cm, length of bottom side (b) is 12 cm and height of trapezium (h) is 10 cm.

This implies that;
a = Length of top side of the trapezium = 7 cm
b = Length of bottom side of the trapezium = 12 cm
h = Height of the trapezium = 10 cm

A = 0.5[a + b]h
A = 0.5[7 + 12]10
A = 0.5[19]10
A = 95

Therefore, the area of a trapezium is 95 cm2

How to Calculate the Height of a Trapezium when the Area, Length of top side and Length of bottom side of the Trapezium is given.

The formula is h = A / 0.5(a + b)

Where;
A = Area of the trapezium
a = Length of the top side of the trapezium
b = Length of the bottom side of the trapezium

Let’s solve for an example;
Given that the length of top side (a) is 10 cm, length of bottom side (b) is 14 cm and the area of the trapezium is 20 cm2 Find the height of the trapezium?

This implies that;

A = Area of the trapezium = 20 cm2
a = Length of top side of the trapezium = 10 cm
b = Length of bottom side of the trapezium = 14 cm

h = A / 0.5(a + b)
h = 20 / 0.5(10 + 14)
h = 20 / 0.5(24)
h = 20 / 12
h = 1.667

Therefore, the height of the trapezium is 1.667 cm.

## Nickzom Calculator Calculates the Center of Gravity of a Trapezium in Statics Mechanics

According to Quora,

The center of gravity of a trapezoid can be estimated by dividing the trapezoid in two triangles.

Nickzom Calculator calculates the centre of gravity of a trapezium with parallel sides a and b at a distance measured from side b.

The formula for calculating this center of gravity is:

C.G. = h (b + 2a) / 3 (b + a)

Where, a and b are the length of the parallel sides of the trapezium (b being the base length and a being the top length) whereas h is the height of the trapezium.

Let’s take for Example: Find the center of gravity or centroid of a trapezium where a is 4, b is 8 and h is 2.

This implies:

a = 4
b = 8
h = 2

C.G. = 2 (8 + 2(4)) / 3 (8 + 4)
C.G. = 2 (8 + 8) / 3 (12)
C.G. = 2 (16) / 36
C.G. = 32 / 36
C.G. = 0.89

Therefore, the center of gravity or centroid of the trapezium is 0.89.

To get the answer and workings to center of gravity or centroid of a trapezium. First, you need to obtain the Nickzom Calculator – The Calculator Encyclopedia app.