How to Calculate and Solve for Temperature, Number of Moles, Volume, Van’t Hoff Factor and Osmotic Pressure | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the osmotic pressure.

To compute for the osmotic pressure, five parameters are needed and these parameters are Ideal Gas Constant (R)Temperature in Kelvin (T), Number of Moles (n), Volume (V) and Van’t Hoff’s Factor (i).

The formula for calculating osmotic pressure:

π = i nRTV

Where;
π = osmotic pressure
n = number of moles
R = ideal gas constant
T = temperature in Kelvin
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the osmotic pressure when the ideal gas constant is 0.08206 with a temperature in kelvin of 120, number of moles is 32, a volume of 48 and a van’t hoff’s factor of 24.

This implies that;
n = number of moles = 32
R = ideal gas constant = 0.08206
T = temperature in Kelvin = 120
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor = 24
V = Volume = 48

π = i nRTV
π = 24 32 x 0.08206 x 12048
π = (24) (315.110)(48)
π = (24)(6.5647)
π = 157.5

Therefore, the osmotic pressure is 157.5 atm.

Calculating the Van’t Hoff’s Factor using the Osmotic Pressure, Number of Moles, Temperature in Kelvin, Ideal Gas Constant and Volume.

i = / nRT

Where;
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor
π = osmotic pressure
V = Volume
n = number of moles
R = ideal gas constant
T = temperature in Kelvin

Let’s solve an example;
Find the Van’t Hoff’s Factor when the osmotic pressure is 220, volume of 50, temperature in kelvin of 180 and number of moles of 60. (R = 0.08206)

This implies that;
π = osmotic pressure = 220
V = Volume = 50
n = number of moles = 60
R = ideal gas constant = 0.08206
T = temperature in Kelvin = 180

i = / nRT
i = 50 x 220 / 60 x 0.08206 x 180
i = 11000 / 866.808
i = 12.69

Therefore, the Van’t Hoff’s Factor is 12.69.

Calculating the Volume using the Osmotic Pressure, Number of Moles, Temperature in Kelvin, Ideal Gas Constant and Van’t Hoff’s Factor.

V = i (nRT) / π

Where;
V = Volume
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor
π = osmotic pressure
n = number of moles
R = ideal gas constant
T = temperature in Kelvin

Let’s solve an example;
Find the volume when the osmotic pressure is 280, Van’t Hoff’s Factor of 40, temperature in kelvin of 90 and number of moles of 70. (R = 0.08206)

This implies that;
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor = 40
π = osmotic pressure = 280
n = number of moles = 70
R = ideal gas constant = 0.08206
T = temperature in Kelvin = 90

V = i (nRT) / π
V = 40 (70 x 0.08206 x 90) / 280
V = 40 (516.978) / 280
V = 20679.12 / 280
V = 73.854

Therefore, the volume is 73.854.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Temperature, Number of Moles, Volume, Van’t Hoff Factor and Osmotic Pressure | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for Van’t Hoff’s Factor, Cryoscopic Constant, Molality and Freezing Point Depression | Nickzom Calculator

The image above represents the freezing point depression.

To compute for the freezing point depression, three essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Van’t Hoff’s Factor (i), cryoscopic constant (Kf) and molality.

The formula for calculating freezing point depression:

δTf = iKf x Molality

Where;
δTf = Freezing point depression
i = Van’t Hoff’s Factor
Kf = cryoscopic constant
Molality

Let’s solve an example;
Find the freezing point depression when the van’t hoff’s factor is 12, cryoscopic constant is 21 with a molality of 16.

δTf = iKf x Molality
δTf = (12 x 21) x 16
δTf = 252 x 16
δTf = 4032

Therefore, the freezing point depression is 4032 °C m-1.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Van’t Hoff’s Factor, Cryoscopic Constant, Molality and Freezing Point Depression | Nickzom Calculator

How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Density | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents density.

To compute for the density, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and volume (v).

The formula for calculating density:

Density = mass / volume

Let’s solve an example;
Given that the volume is 20 m³ with a mass of 240 kg. Find the density?

This implies that;
Volume = 20
Mass = 240

Density = mass / volume
Density = 240 / 20
Density = 12

Therefore, the density is 12 Kg/m³.

Calculating the Mass when the Density and Volume is Given.

Mass = Volume x Density

Let’s solve an example;
With a density of 90 kg/m³ and a volume of 15 m³, Find the mass?

This implies that;
Density = 90
Volume = 15

Mass = Volume x Density
Mass = 15 x 90
Mass = 1350

Therefore, the mass is 1350 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Mass, Volume and Density | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for Percentage Yield, Actual Yield and Theoretical Yield in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents percentage yield.

To compute the percentage yield, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are actual yield and theoretical yield.

The formula for calculating percentage yield:

%Yield = (Actual YieldTheoretical Yield) x 100

Let’s solve an example;
Find the percentage yield when the actual yield is 12 with a theoretical yield of 26.

This implies that;
Actual yield = 12
Theoretical yield = 26

%Yield = (Actual YieldTheoretical Yield) x 100
%Yield = (1226) x 100
%Yield = 0.46 x 100
%Yield = 46.15

Therefore, the percentage yield is 46.15.

Calculating the Actual Yield when the Percentage Yield and the Theoretical Yield is Given.

Actual yield = %yield x theoretical yield / 100

Let’s solve an example;
Find the actual yield when the %yield is 52 with a theoretical yield of 10.

This implies that;
%yield = 52
Theoretical yield = 10

Actual yield = %yield x theoretical yield / 100
Actual yield = 52 x 10 / 100
Actual yield = 520 / 100
Actual yield = 5.2

Therefore, the actual yield is 5.2.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for Percentage Yield, Actual Yield and Theoretical Yield in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Molar Concentration, Molar Mass and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the mass concentration.

To compute for mass concentration, two essential parameters are needed and these are molar concentration (c) and molar mass (M).

ρ = c x M

Where;
ρ = mass concentration
c = molar concentration
M = molar mass

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass concentration when the molar concentration is 24 and molar mass is 15.

This implies that;
c = molar concentration = 24
M = molar mass = 15

ρ = c x M
ρ = 24 x 15
ρ = 360

Therefore, the mass concentration is 360 Kg/dm³.

Calculating the Molar Concentration when the Mass concentration and Molar Mass.

c = ρ / M

Where;
c = molar concentration
ρ = mass concentration
M = molar mass

Let’s solve an example;
Find the molar concentration when the mass concentration is 120 with a molar mass of 40.

This implies that;
ρ = mass concentration = 120
M = molar mass = 40

c = ρ / M
c = 120 / 40
c = 3

Therefore, the molar concentration is 3 mol/L.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Molar Concentration, Molar Mass and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Mass, Volume and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the mass concentration.

To compute the mass concentration, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and volume (V).

The formula for calculating mass concentration:

ρ = mV

Where;
ρ = Mass concentration
m = Mass
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass concentration when the mass is 8 kg with a volume of 24 dm³.

This implies that;
m = Mass = 8
V = Volume = 24

ρ = mV
ρ = 824
ρ = 0.33

Therefore, the mass concentration is 0.33 Kg/dm³.

Calculating the Mass when the Mass Concentration and the Volume is Given.

m = Vρ

Where;
m = Mass
ρ = Mass concentration
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass when the mass concentration is 12 kg/dm³ with a volume of 7 dm³.

This implies that;
ρ = Mass concentration = 12
V = Volume = 7

m = Vρ
m = 12 x 7
m = 84

Therefore, the mass concentration is 84 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Mass, Volume and Mass Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Number of Moles, Volume and Molar Concentration in Chemistry | Nickzom Calculator

The image above represents the molar concentration.

To compute the molar concentration of a substance, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are number of moles (n) and volume (V).

The formula for calculating the molar concentration:

c = nV

Where;
c = Molar Concentration
n = Number of moles
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the molar concentration when the number of moles is 32 with a volume of 120.

This implies that;
n = Number of moles = 32
V = Volume = 120

c = nV
c = 32120
c = 0.266

Therefore, the molar concentration is 0.266 mol/L.

Calculating the Number of Moles when Molar Concentration and Volume is Given.

n = Vc

Where;
n = Number of moles
c = Molar Concentration
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the number of moles when the molar concentration is 40 with a volume of 31.

This implies that;
c = molar concentration = 40
V = Volume = 31

n = Vc
n = 31 x 40
n = 1240

Therefore, the Number of Moles is 1240 mol.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Number of Moles, Volume and Molar Concentration in Chemistry | Nickzom Calculator

How to Calculate and Solve for the Volume of a Constituent, Volume of a Mixture and Volume Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the volume concentration.

To compute the volume concentration of a substance, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are volume of the constituent (Vi) and volume of the mixture (V).

The formula for calculating volume concentration:

φ = ViV

Where;
φ = Volume concentration
Vi = Volume of the constituent
V = Volume of the mixture

Let’s solve an example;
Find the volume concentration with a volume of the constituent of 23 and a volume of the mixture of 32.

This implies that;
Vi = Volume of the constituent = 23
V = Volume of the mixture = 32

φ = ViV
φ = 2332
φ = 0.718

Therefore, the volume concentration is 0.718.

Calculating the Volume of the Constituent when the Volume Concentration and the Volume of the Mixture is Given.

Vi = Vφ

Where;
φ = Volume concentration
V = Volume of the mixture

Let’s solve an example;
Find the volume of the constituent with a volume concentration of 18 and a volume of the mixture of 22.

This implies that;
φ = Volume concentration = 18
V = Volume of the mixture = 22

Vi = Vφ
Vi = 18 x 22
Vi = 396

Therefore, the volume of the constituent is 396 cm3.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Volume of a Constituent, Volume of a Mixture and Volume Concentration in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

How to Calculate and Solve for the Number of Entities of a Constituent, Volume and Number Concentration in Chemistry | Nickzom Calculator

The image above represents the number concentration.

To compute for the number concentration, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are Number of Entities of the Constituent (N) and Volume (V).

The formula for calculating the number concentration:

C = NV

Where;
C = Number Concentration
N = Number of Entities of the Constituent
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the number concentration when the number of entities of the constituent is 12 and the volume is 24.

This implies that;
N = Number of Entities of the Constituent = 12
V = Volume = 24

C = NV
C = 1224
C = 0.5

Therefore, the number concentration is 0.5 m-3.

Calculating the Number of Entities of the Constituent when Number Concentration and Volume is Given.

N = VC

Where;
N = Number of Entities of the Constituent
C = Number Concentration
V = Volume

Let’s solve an example;
Find the number of entities of the constituent when the number concentration is 18 and the volume is 14.

This implies that;
C = Number Concentration = 18
V = Volume = 14

N = VC
N = 14 x 18
N = 252

Therefore, the number of entities of the constituent is 252 m-1.

Continue reading How to Calculate and Solve for the Number of Entities of a Constituent, Volume and Number Concentration in Chemistry | Nickzom Calculator

How to Calculate and solve for the Mass, Number of Moles and Molar Mass in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia

The image above represents the molar mass of a substance.

To compute for the molar mass, two essential parameters are needed and these parameters are mass (m) and number of moles (n).

The formula for calculating the molar mass:

M = mn

Where;
M = Molar mass
m = Mass
n = Number of moles

Let’s solve an example;
Find the molar mass of a substance with a mass of 14 kg and number of moles of 28 mol.

This implies that;
m = Mass = 14
n = Number of moles = 28

M = mn
M = 14 ⁄ 28
M = 0.5

Therefore, the molar mass is 0.5 Kg/mol.

Calculating the Mass of a Substance when the Molar Mass and the Number of Moles is Given.

m = nM

Where;
m = Mass
n = Number of moles
M = Molar Mass

Let’s solve an example;
Find the mass of a substance with a molar mass of 30 Kg/mol and number of moles of 15 mol.

This implies that;
n = Number of moles = 15
M = Molar Mass = 30

m = nM
m = 15 x 30
m =  450

Therefore, the mass of a substance is 450 kg.

Continue reading How to Calculate and solve for the Mass, Number of Moles and Molar Mass in Chemistry | The Calculator Encyclopedia